The Self and Free Will in the Caitanya Sampradāya – Part 5

The Self and Free Will in the Caitanya Sampradāya – Part 5

Because the nature of ātmā is jñāna, it is self-luminous. The ātmā’s intrinsic “I” is called ahamartha and is not the same as the conditional “I” called ahaṅkāra, which is projected through the mind to form a knot between ātmā and a material body. Ahaṅkāra is tangible as the ...

Continue Reading

The Self and Free Will in the Caitanya Sampradāya – Part 4

The Self and Free Will in the Caitanya Sampradāya – Part 4

Section 2:  The Conception of Advaita-vāda Advaita-vādīs offer authoritative quotations: yo vijñane tiṣṭhan — “It is that which is situated within consciousness.” (Bṛhad-āraṇyaka Upaniṣad, 5.7.22) vijñānam yajnam tanute — “Consciousness performs sacrifice.” (Taittriya U ...

Continue Reading

The Self and Free Will in the Caitanya Sampradāya – Part 3

The Self and Free Will in the Caitanya Sampradāya – Part 3

Ātmā is nitya-nirmala, ever pure. This means it never mixes with the qualities (gunas) of matter (prakṛti), it is always distinct from matter, factually untouched by it. This is evident from a statement in Bhāgavata Purāna (5.11.12): “The pure self witnesses the activities of the impure mind

Continue Reading

The Self and Free Will in the Caitanya Sampradāya – Part 2

The Self and Free Will in the Caitanya Sampradāya – Part 2

The first verse in this quotation describes what ātmā is not:  It is not the physical body, mind, intelligence, life air or ego, because it is the witness of all these — and the witness is distinct from the witnessed. The essence of this verse is that ātmā is not a material object and is

Continue Reading

The Self and Free Will in the Caitanya Sampradāya – Part 1

The Self and Free Will in the Caitanya Sampradāya – Part 1

By Satyanaryana Dasa Part 1: The Nature of Ātmā – Different schools of Indian philosophy and theology present different doctrines regarding the agency, enjoyership and knowership of ātmā, the individual self. Among them, the Vedānta schools accept the authority

Continue Reading