This quiz is designed to motivate you to study the Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇava scriptures in specific, and the Sad Darshanas in general, which are necessary to understand Gauḍīya philosophy properly.
Jnana or knowledge related to bhakti is also part of bhakti. In fact, hearing, which includes studying shastra, is the first limb of bhakti. Learning, followed by consolidating and then testing our knowledge in the form of a quiz is a fun and effective way to help us retain information.
This quiz is in multiple-choice questions format. (MCQs). If you see the response that you anticipated simply click on it. The quiz will immediately show which answers are correct or incorrect so we can learn as we go.
1 / 10
The statements in the Vedic scriptures describing the oneness of Brahman and the jīvas serve which one or more of the following purposes?
The statements in the Vedic scriptures describing the oneness of Brahman and the jīvas serve one or more of the following purposes:
2 / 10
Which of the following statements are true about a sūtra?
In Harināmāmṛta vyākaraṇam, Śrī Jīva Goswami, and the commentator Śrī Hare Kṛṣṇa ācārya in his commentary called Bāla toṣaṇi tīkā, define the word ‘sūtra’ follows:
svalpākṣaramanalpārthaṁ viśuddhaṁ sarvatomukhaṁ viśeṣakathanāpekṣaṁ sūtraṁ sūtravido viduḥ
"Knowers of sūtras know a sūtra to be that which has a small number of letters but not a small meaning, clear, applicable everywhere, and which is meant to be precise and spoken."
3 / 10
Which of the following is a type of sūtra?
Sūtras are of six types:
1. sañjā: the giving of a name is sañjā. For example, the sūtra tatrādau caturdaśa sarveśvaraḥ is a nāma-sañjā. [The first fourteen letters are named sarveśvara]
2. paribhāṣā: paribhāṣā is that which creates a rule where there is none. It’s nature is to create a rule in the absence of a rule. An example of paribhāṣā is: Pūrvaparayoḥ paravidhirbalavān– between a previous and a latter vidhi, the latter vidhi is more powerful.
3. vidhi: a vidhi is an instruction for performing a specific operation.
4. niyama: A niyama is that which narrows down from several possibilities.
5. adhikāra: an adhikāra is that which pervades the section that follows.
6. atideśa: An atideśa is an instruction of similarity with another.
2. paribhāṣā: paribhāṣā is that which creates a rule where there is none. It’s nature is to create a rule in the absence of a rule. An example of paribhāṣā is: पूर्वपरयोः परविधिर्बलवान् – between a previous and a latter vidhi, the latter vidhi is more powerful.
4 / 10
What is the purpose of the Vedānta-sūtra?
Learn more: The Purpose of Vedanta Sutra
5 / 10
Which of the following is not a type of maṅgalācaraṇa?
In Vedic culture, every undertaking begins with an invocation, technically called maṅgalācaraṇa. The purpose is to invoke the blessings of one’s worshipful deity for the removal of all obstacles to the completion of the work.
Maṅgalācaraṇa is of three types and may have one or more verses.
1. Namas-kriyātmaka, offering obeisances to one’s teacher(s) or worshipful deity, or to both.
2. Āśīr-vādātmaka, invoking Bhagavān’s blessings upon the work or upon the readers, or exclaiming simply “All glories to the Lord!”
3. Vastu-nirdeśātmaka, identifying the book’s primary subject.
6 / 10
What is dharma?
Learn more: The Essence of Dharma
7 / 10
Which śāstra advises rulers on better public administration and offers instructions on proper conduct?
Learn more: Best of Hitopadesha (Part 2): The Four Goals of Life
8 / 10
Which āstika system of thought has the central idea that a living being can become free from ignorance by understanding that puruṣa is distinct from the twenty-four elements that constitute matter?
Learn more: Indian Schools of Philosophy and Theology
9 / 10
In Sanskrit, words can have which of the following types of meanings?
In Sanskrit, words have three types of meaning, called primary (mukhya), indicated (lakṣaṇā) and suggested (vyañjanā).
This is very common knowledge for any Sanskrit scholar. So sometimes when a word is used it has its primary meaning and then it includes more than that.
Learn more: Interpretation of Yoga Sūtra
10 / 10
What is vācya-vācaka-sambandha?
In Sanskrit linguistics, the integral relationship that words share with their meaning or reference is called vācya-vācaka-sambandha.
For instance, if we say the word "cup", then the word "cup" makes one think of the object "cup". So why does one think of the object "cup" when one hears the sound "cup"? Because there is a relationship between the sound and the object. This relationship is called vācya-vācaka.
It is important to understand that this vācya-vācaka relationship in the ordinary language is agreed upon by people at the time the language came into existence. For instance, when a cell phone came into existence we agreed to call it a mobile phone or cell phone or some word. This is called śakti or that there is some energy in the word.
In nyāya, this is called śakti-vād.
The essence of dharma is "Do not perform acts towards others that you find displeasing to yourself."
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