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Nāma-aparādha: The Seventh Offense

Nāma-aparādha: The Seventh Offense

Mahamantra board on asana

Committing Sins on the Strength of the Holy Name

Śraddhā in śastra is the foundation of spiritual life. On the path of bhakti, this includes having śraddhā in the power of the name of Kṛṣṇa. There are hundreds of statements in śastra that state that even if one chants the name incidentally, one is freed of all one’s sins. But this does not give one the license to commit sins. The offense of committing sins on the strength of the name of Kṛṣṇa is discussed in the following subsection of Bhakti Sandarbha by Śrī Jīva Gosvāmī.

Anuccheda 265.7

The seventh offense, to commit sins on the strength of the name, is understood as follows. It is a fact that the name absolves a practitioner even of those sins that are committed on the strength of the name. Yet, it was by the power of the name that he was first engaged with the intent to attain the lotus feet of Śrī Bhagavān Himself, who is the condensed essence of being, consciousness, and bliss, and the supreme goal of human life (parama-puruṣārtha). Now instead, on the strength of the same name, the practitioner strives to accomplish his sinful aims, which are despicable. This is an instance of extreme ill-heartedness (parama-daurātmyam). By such action, the practitioner grossly misuses the name. Consequently, it is certain indeed that he incurs an offense millions of times more severe than the sin committed. 

As a result, the Padma Purāṇa verse concludes that for such an offender the means of purification through rules (yamaiḥ) simply does not exist (na vidyate tasya yamair hi śuddhiḥ). The word yamaiḥ, lit., “by rules,” means “by the numerous prescribed moral restraints (yamas) and ethical codes (niyamas).” Even after undergoing atonement by extensive application of such rules, the offender’s purification remains nonexistent (śuddhi-abhāva). Alternatively, the word yamaiḥ can mean “by a whole series of Yamas,” [the deva who administers punishment to the sinful after death]. In that case, the statement would mean that even after being punished by many Yamas, each acquiring the seat of authority one after the other, the offender’s purification remains nonexistent. This conclusion is certainly appropriate for the following two reasons.

First of all, for the person who commits sins on the strength of the name, atonement is possible only if he again continuously engages in singing the name [and not by yamas], as indicated in this upcoming statement of Padma Purāṇa: “The divine names alone can cleanse the sins of those who commit offenses against the name. Only when these names are sung ceaselessly will they bring about the intended result” (PP, Brahma-khaṇḍa 25.23).  Secondly, according to the Padma Purāṇa verse quoted earlier in this anuccheda (sarvāparādha-kṛd api, PP, Brahma-khaṇḍa 25.12–13), an offender of the name, even if endowed with devotion to Bhagavān, must reap the consequences in the form of a fall down (adhaḥ-pāta).

Indra’s action of killing Vṛtrāsura, however, executed on the strength of his worship of Bhagavān in the form of a horse sacrifice, was approved by the sages, whose intent was that the world would thereby be relieved of [asuric] oppression and that [upon being slain] Vṛtrāsura would be purged of his ungodly temperament (asura-bhāva). Therefore, it should not be considered an offense.

Commentary by Satyanarayana Dasa

The name is all-powerful and can free a person who takes shelter of the name from all sinful reactions to previous deeds. If a practitioner has faith in this principle and then commits some misdeed, thinking that he will be absolved of sinful reaction by chanting the name, then this is an offense. The reason for this is that although such a person has faith in the power of the name, he misuses it to wipe away his sins. Instead of serving the name, he engages it in his own service. Moreover, he uses the purest name to clean some abominable sins. This is like making an emperor clean one’s toilet.

The name has the power to award divine love, which is the highest goal attainable in human life. Instead, one uses it only for the insignificant task of purging sins. Moreover, such a person does not have faith that the name can bestow whatever material benefits are attainable by other methods. Such a person can be purified only by taking full shelter of the name. No other pious act of atonement can relieve him of the offense, just as an offense perpetrated against an emperor can be absolved only by the grace of the emperor.



  • Rupachandra Das September 26, 2021

    Nice illumination. It sounds like a cache-22 situation. You cannot use the name to fulfill your material desires or destroy your sins. Nor can you use other means because “such a person does not have faith that the name can bestow whatever material benefits are attainable by other methods. ” What then can someone who is interested in destroying his sins or achieving his material desires supposed to do?

    • Babaji September 28, 2021

      Please understand the meaning of the offense. The seventh offense is to commit sins on the strength of the name.

      What this offense means is that I know a certain act is sinful and I am capable of avoiding it but I do not avoid it.
      Rather, I engage in the sin and then do Nama-japa to absolve the sin.

      This offense is not talking about sins that are unavoidable such as violence in growing and preparing food, or in lifestyle such as traveling by vehicle where many flying insects are killed. All such sins are taken care by the Name and one need not worry about it.
      But if one knowingly commits a sin while capable of avoiding it and thinks that the Name will give protection, then that is the 7th offense.

  • Rupachandra Das September 28, 2021

    Thank you for the response. It is clearer now. There are also sins which theoretically one is capable of avoiding but practically may be very difficult because of vasanas or previous samskaras. Which category does this fall in? The Jagai and Madhai story of instant reformation nice, but for many of us in Kali yuga, unrealistic.

    • Babaji September 29, 2021

      If you commit sin because of vasanas or samskara, it belongs to the avoidable category.
      Practical advice: Be aware of it and maintain the thought that I did not want it and will not want it to happen again.
      Do not relish the pleasure of the sinful activity.
      Continue with bhakti and pray for strength to not fall prey to vasanas.

  • Rupachandra Das October 3, 2021

    Thank you

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