Question: Usually we hear that on the battlefield of Kuruksetra, only Arjuna saw the virata-rupa. But sometimes it is said that others saw it as well. Do you know where this alternate idea is stated specifically? I found a reference from Sridhara Maharaja’s disciple, Govinda Maharaja.
Krishna’s Universal Form
Question: Usually we hear that on the field of Kuruksetra, only Arjuna saw the virata-rupa. But sometimes it is said that others saw it as well. Do you know where this alternate idea is stated specifically? I found a reference from Sridhara Maharaja’s disciple, Govinda Maharaja. But I can’t find it in the text itself (Mahabharata or commentaries of acaryas). Do you have any idea?
Answer: Govinda Maharaja may be referring to Krsna’s form which He manifested in the assembly of the Kauravas when He went as a peace messenger, before the war of Kuruksetra. He advised Dhrtarastra to put Duryodhana in prison to prevent the destruction of the Kuru dynasty. When Duryodhana came to know of this, he wanted to catch Krsna and bind Him with ropes. Seeing Duryodhana approach Him, Krsna laughed loudly and manifested the universal form. Everyone present who had eyes saw it.
I do not think the virat rupa which Krsna manifested at Kuruksetra was seen by anyone except for Arjuna and Sanjaya. It needed divine eyes to see, which were granted only to these two persons.
Question: When Bharata was doing animal sacrifices, in which way did he think it was for the pleasure of Visnu? Obviously he was a very compassionate person, as we can see from the deer episode. Even if some sacrifices of Karma Kanda require animal killing, how could he offer this kind of violence to the Supreme Lord?
Answer: Where is it said that Bharata did animal sacrifice? Yupa is used to tie the animal, but that does not mean it is killed. There are two opinions – one is killing and other is touching and releasing the animal. Bhagavata 11th Canto says, alabahna does not mean to kill but to touch. Alabhana is the word used in Vedas which has been translated as killing.
Question: In my research I came across an article which meantions that there are more than 80 commentaries on Bhagavata Purana. Can you please direct me in my research to further authors who can confirm this?
Answer: I have two boks in Hindi in my libraray which give a list of available commentaries and the names of commentaries which are mentiones by other commenatators but are not available at present Book no 1 – Bhagavata ke Tikakara by Dr. Vasudeva Krishna Chaturvedi, Rajyasri Prakashan, Dalapat Street, Mathura, 1976
This book gives a list of 93 commentaries.
Book no 2 – Bhagavata Parichaya by Sudarshan Singh Chakra, Sri Krishna Janma Seva Sansthan, Mathura, 1977
He gives a list of 173 commentaries and has used the list from the above book also.
It is to be noted that all commentaries are not on the complete book. Some are only on specific chapters such as Rasa-panchadhyayi, or Sruti stuti.