An important aspect of classical Vedic traditions is disciplic succession of teacher and student known as parampara. Valid knowledge of the Absolute is only possible through the teachings of a qualified teacher (guru) transmitted to the student (disciple). Formal initiation of a student (diksha) into his teacher’s lineage occurs through a ceremony, including the passing down of a mantra. An authentic line of disciplic succession is unbroken and thus one can trace the lineage of a particular school’s teaching to its original source.
There are several different schools of thought within the Vedanta philosophical system, one of which is the Gaudiya line founded by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu in Bengal at the onset of the 16th century. The Gaudiya parampara is believed to begin with the first living being—Brahma. The parampara includes Madhvacharya—the great Vaishnava saint of the 13th century and is therefore known as the Brahma-Madhva-Gaudiya tradition (sampradaya). Chaitanya Mahaprabhu followed in this disciplic succession though he is believed by his followers to be an avatara of the Supreme Lord himself.
The closest associate of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was Gadadhara Pandita. Chaitanya thus entrusted Gadadhara Pandita to initiate students into their ancient lineage. Jiva Gosvami’s uncles, Rupa and Sanatana Gosvami received diksha from Gadadhara Pandita and Jiva Gosvami followed in the line of his uncles. (Read more details here)
Today, there are many branches coming from Gadadhara Pandit, known as Gadadhara Parivar. One of the most eminent saints and scholars in this line is Sri Haridas Shastri Maharaja of Vrindavan. In addition to being a renounced monk, renowned teacher, and protector of cows, Sri Haridas Shastri Maharaja has translated and published over eighty books from Sanskrit into Hindi and Bengali, many with original commentary. He holds the special distinction of being the first person to translate and comment on Jiva Gosvami’s Sat Sandarbhas into Hindi. Sri Haridas Shastri holds nine graduate degrees and three postgraduate degrees in the six systems of Hindu philosophy.
The Jiva Institute of Vaishnava Studies was founded with the direction and support of Sri Haridas Shastri Maharaj by his disciple and renowned teacher and scholar, Dr. Satyanarayana Dasa Babaji.