Love Beyond Love – Part 2

In the first sixty anucchedas, Śrī Jīva Gosvāmī has established that prīti is the ultimate puruṣārtha (object of human pursuit). As said earlier, traditionally in India, mokṣa or mukti is considered the highest puruṣārtha. Śrī Jīva Gosvāmī is establishing a new principle,

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Love Beyond Love – Part 1

I am currently translating and commenting on Prīti Sandarbha, and wanted to share the 61st anuccheda, in which Śrī Jīva Gosvāmī discusses the definition of prīti, given by Prahlāda in Viṣṇu Purāṇa. Translation Thus, prīti for Bhagavān is the highest objective of life. In Viṣṇu P ...

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Prayers of the Baby in the Womb

One of the most important but underappreciated topics in the field of scriptural study is the topic of hermeneutics. Whether one is academically oriented or a staunch practitioner of a particular tradition, in order to gain an authentic understanding of the profound and esoteric meanings of ancient ...

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Envy Among Devotees

Below is a section of Prīti Sandarbha (Anucchedas 287 and 288, along with my commentary) where Śrī Jīva Gosvāmī speaks about envy in perfected devotees. I thought it would be interesting for the readers, and affords a glimpse into Prīti Sandarbha. Translation Śuka mentioned an example of ini ...

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Women in Vedic Culture

Question: Are women less intelligent? Answer: This is a vague question, I must say.  Intelligence is multifaceted; there are various types of intelligence. According to Howard Gardner, Professor of Education at Harvard University, there are nine types of intelligence. Similarly, according to Steven ...

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